Whether you have carpal tunnel, arthritis, no bread machine, no mixer, a fear of kneading, or just want to try something new; the stretch and fold method is a great way to make bread. All you need is a few hours where you can periodically attend the dough between other tasks. One nice thing I have found is that in comparing bread made by machine kneading and using stretch and fold, the s&f method yields dough with beautifully developed gluten and bread that tastes fabulous. That extra time seems to promote more complex flavor development and I have found that even sliced, it keeps fabulously in the freezer. I found some lost slices of cinnamon bread in the refrigerator freezer (notoriously prone to freezer burning things), that were at least six months old; they toasted up just like fresh. As a matter of fact, my father in law mentioned after eating those particular slices, that I could bring a spare loaf to visit anytime. (This from a man who never makes comments or requests on food!) This method also seems very forgiving on time. I did forget about it for an extra 45 minutes this time because I got distracted after the third fold. Even so, it still was very willing to rise perfectly after loafing it. (After swearing, and then loafing it.) I do appreciate that I can do a full two loaf batch of dough this way. You cannot really knead that much dough in my little bread machine. Saves me a few electrical pennies. When I have regular milk on hand I will make this bread using that, scalded. It really does make a subtle yet wonderful difference in flavor. Otherwise I use baker's dry milk. I think the non instant dry milk that Organic Valley offers would be a good substitute for King Arthur's special dry milk, also non instant. The timing necessary between folding may vary depending on the dough. I've found that this loaf doesn't particularly require the standard 45 minutes for each rest but it won't hurt it. Like I said, it's forgiving.
Cinnamon Swirl Loaf
2 t Instant Yeast2¼ c lukewarm water
½ c sugar
½ c butter, softened
2 t salt
3½ c white whole wheat flour
3½ - 4 c unbleached all purpose flour
½ c baker's special dry milk (high heat treated dry milk - you may omit this if you do not wish to get a special ingredient. Instead, substitute 2 cups scalded milk for that much water.)
2 slightly beaten eggs
¾ c sugar
1½ Tbsp cinnamon
Combine the filling ingredient in a bowl and set aside. Reserve 2 tbsp of the mixture for topping the loaves if desired.
Bring together remaining ingredients in a large bowl or rising bucket just enough to get all the flour evenly moistened. (This is probably even more worked than necessary, you just need to make sure there is no dry flour or lumps.) You can use your fingers, I started mine with a dough whisk which is very efficient and worked it a bit with my fingers. I find it helps to use maybe three quarters of the flour to get it to a batter like consistancy, then mix in the rest. It helps prevent lumps you'd have to fraisage out later. (Sorry if you know french and I have horrendously abused the grammar of it.)
Now set the timer for about 45 minutes and go read a book or do some housework. (Since I worked mine enough to start developing the gluten, I only did a 30 minute rest for the first period.) When time is up, turn out the dough onto a lightly floured counter. Gently tease and stretch it out into a somewhat rectangular shape. Lift from underneath and push from the top. We just want to be gentle with the developing gluten. You will see that the dough is already becoming more developed and cohesive. Now fold over the long sides to the middle,
Now plop it back in the bucket/bowl seam side down for another 30-45 minutes. Rinse and repeat two more times. After only the first fold, it looks more like a proper dough.
Same thing with the next fold: tease it out gently to about one third its original height and fold over side to side and end to end. See that dough developing?
Ready for the final fold. And look how beautiful the dough is now.
Don't expect the dough to rise all that much, since we are degassing it with each fold. This is the final turnout to divide and loaf the dough. It's much more puffy because I turned off the timer and then got side tracked.
Divide the dough into two even pieces and set one aside covered, while you prepare the first one. Roll each half into a 15x7" rectangle, about ½" thick. Or as close as you can get to that. ☺
Now sprinkle with half of the cinnamon sugar mixture on each rectangle.
Sprinkle or spray a teaspoon of water over the filling. Smooth with a spatula. I couldn't find my spray bottle which is what I most prefer to use for this. You want to be careful not to over saturate the sugar mixture or it will ooze out the sides. You'll get a sticky, messy loaf. Tasty still, but messy. Plus you want all that cinnamony goodness on the inside. This time I just had to resort to flicking the water off the tips of my fingers. There is a perfect consistency that will yield a loaf with no separation of the swirls. I have only achieved that when using the spray bottle. But I have no problems practicing, and no shortage of volunteers to eat up the results! The cinnamon filling has not been smoothed out yet in this picture...
Once you are satisfied with the state of your filling, kind of a pasty consistency, roll that puppy up. (From the short side.) I like to give it a tiny bit of stretch as I roll, I think it helps to achieve a tighter roll. Seal the long edge and place the loaf, seam side down, in a greased 9½ x 5" loaf pan.
Let rise until almost doubled. This will take anywhere from 45 minutes to 90 depending on the temperature in your kitchen. If you wish, you may brush the loaves with soft butter and sprinkle the reserved cinnamon sugar on top before baking. Personally I just like to brush the butter on after it's done baking and sprinkle a touch of cinnamon sugar on when I toast it. Bake at 375ºF for 35 to 40 minutes or till done. (If crust browns too fast, cover with aluminum foil last 15 to 20 minutes of baking). Turn out of pans and cool on rack.
Let it cool completely before slicing and preferably overnight. It's hard I know, but it slices better that way. And it freezes wonderfully for months! When you want some, just pop it in the toaster and slather it with butter and a bit of cinnamon sugar if you want. Yummy!